Gymnosperm Database
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Bark and aerial root development. Lane Cove National Park, just north of Sydney, Australia [Trevor Hinchliffe].


Prostrate plant. Lane Cove National Park [Trevor Hinchliffe].


Foliage and female strobili. Lane Cove National Park [Trevor Hinchliffe].


Branchlet, foliage. Lane Cove National Park [Trevor Hinchliffe].


Wild plant regenerating after fire. Lane Cove National Park [Trevor Hinchliffe].


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Conservation status 2010: protocol 2.3, needs updating

Podocarpus spinulosus

(Smith) R. Br. ex Mirbel 1825

Common names

Taxonomic notes

Base Name: Taxus spinulosa Smith (Gray 1958, de Laubenfels 1985). Syn: Podocarpus pungens D.Don, Podocarpus bidwillii Endl. (Silba 1986), Podocarpus ensifolia R. Br. ex Carrière (de Laubenfels 1985).


"Shrub or small tree. Leaves narrow-linear, mostly 2-6, rarely to 8 cm long, 3 mm wide, pungent-pointed. Male cones cylindrical, 5 mm long, in clusters. Female cones usually solitary in the leaf axils; scales few, fleshy, combining with the stalk to form a receptacle. Fruiting receptacle blue-black, glaucous, fleshy, bearing 1 or rarely 2 almost globose seeds, 8-12 mm diam." (Harden 1990).

Distribution and Ecology

Australia: New South Wales and Queensland. You can create a highly detailed map, and access specimen data, using the "search" function at the Australia Virtual Herbarium.

Based on data from 54 collection localities, it grows at elevations of 170 ±180 m. Within its range, mean annual temperature is 17°C, with an average minimum in the coldest month of 6°C, and a mean annual precipitation of 1190 mm (Biffin et al. 2011, Table S5). Zone 10 (cold hardiness limit between -1°C and +4.4°C) (Bannister and Neuner 2001).

Mostly found "in sheltered coastal sites and gullies on the adjacent ranges; chiefly on the coast south from Woy Woy and valleys of the Blue Mtns." (Harden 1990).

Big tree







See also

Last Modified 2013-03-29