Gymnosperm Database
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Conservation status

Ephedra fasciculata

Nelson 1934

Common names

Fasciculate ephedra (Stevenson 1993).

Taxonomic notes

Syn: Ephedra clokeyi Cutler; E. fasciculata var. clokeyi (Cutler) Clokey (Stevenson 1993).


"Shrubs erect or prostrate, 0.5-1 m. Bark gray, cracked and fissured. Branches opposite or whorled, rigid, angle of divergence about 30°. Twigs pale green, becoming yellow with age, not viscid, usually smooth or very slightly scabrous, with numerous longitudinal grooves; internodes 1-5 cm. Terminal buds conic, 1-3 mm, apex obtuse. Leaves opposite, 1-3 mm, connate to 1/2-3/4 their length; bases membranous, brown, shredding and becoming gray with age, ± persistent; apex obtuse. Pollen cones 2-several at node, ellipsoid to obovoid, 4-8 mm, sessile; bracts opposite, 4-8 pairs, light yellow, obovate, 2-3 × 2 mm, membranous, slightly connate at base; bracteoles exceeding bracts; sporangiophores 3-9 mm, 1/4-3/4 exserted, with 6-10 sessile to short-stalked (less than 1 mm) microsporangia. Seed cones 2-several at node, obovoid to ellipsoid, 6-13 mm, sessile or on short peduncles; bracts opposite, 4-7 pairs, elliptic, 3-7 × 2-4 mm, membranous with light brown to green, thickened center and base, slightly connate at base, margins entire. Seeds 1(-2), ellipsoid, 5-12 × 3-5 mm, light brown, longitudinally furrowed. ... Coning March-April" (Stevenson 1993).

Distribution and Ecology

USA: California, Arizona, Nevada & Utah at 300-1200 m on dry rocky slopes, washes, and sandy areas (Stevenson 1993).

Big tree






See also

Jaeger 1969 (as E. clokeyi).

Last Modified 2012-11-23