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Distribution of Callitris monticola (Bowman and Harris 1995). Basemap from Expedia Maps. You can also create a highly detailed map, and access specimen data, using the "search" function at the Australia Virtual Herbarium.


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Conservation status

Callitris monticola

J. Garden 1957

Common names

Steelhead (Harden 1990).

Taxonomic notes


Tree: Erect glaucous bushy shrub to 2.5 m tall. Leaves: Glaucous, 2-4 mm long. Cones: Solitary or several together, widely ovoid to depressed-globose, 15-25 mm in diameter, glaucous when young, often with greyish markings around edge of scales at maturity. Cone scales: Thick, each with a dorsal protuberance close to the apex, the alternate scales reduced in size; columella large and widely 3-lobed, often to 5 mm long (Harden 1990).

Distribution and Ecology

Australia: New South Wales and Queensland. "Mostly found in granite areas, sometimes on sandstone; rare in N.S.W., from the Gibraltar Range N.P. to the Tenterfield district" (Harden 1990).

Zone 10 (cold hardiness limit between -1°C and +4.4°C) (Bannister and Neuner 2001).

Big tree







Garden, J. 1957. A revision of the genus Callitris. Contributions from the New South Wales National Herbarium 2(5):384-385.

See also

Farjon (2005) provides a detailed account, with illustrations.

Last Modified 2012-11-25