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photo2

Tree [C. Macdonald] (ANBG 2002).

photo1

Foliage (ANU 1998).

map

Distribution of Callitris endlicheri (Bowman and Harris 1995). Basemap from Expedia Maps. You can also create a highly detailed map, and access specimen data, using the "search" function at the Australia Virtual Herbarium.

map

More detailed distribution map showing populations in New South Wales (Mackenzie and Keith 2009).

 

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Conservation status

Callitris endlicheri

(Parl.) F.M. Bailey 1883

Common names

Black cypress pine (Harden 1990).

Taxonomic notes

Syn: C. calcarata (Silba 1986).

Description

Monoecious evergreen trees with mostly erect, sometimes spreading branches. Bark tough and often deeply furrowed. Leaves dark green, 2-4 mm long. Seed cones solitary or several together on rather slender, usually clustered, fruiting branchlets; ovoid to globose or depressed-globose, 15-20 mm in diameter; columella variable, usually short, deeply 3-lobed or with 3 or 4 separate parts (Harden 1990).

Distribution and Ecology

Australia: Queensland, New South Wales, and Victoria. "Usually found on stony hills or ridges, common, from the plains to the coastal ranges" (Harden 1990). Trees are typically killed by canopy fire and the species regenerates from seed (Mackenzie and Keith 2009). The invasive, non-native Rusa deer (Cervus timorensis) has been implicated as preventing or greatly retarding seedling establishment by browsing on the seedlings, and some populations of the species are now declining or threatened (Mackenzie and Keith 2009).

Hardy to Zone 9 (cold hardiness limit between -6.6°C and -1.1°C) (Bannister and Neuner 2001).

Big tree

Oldest

Dendrochronology

Ethnobotany

This species is logged in small quantities for commercial purposes. Its timber superficially resembles that of the widely-used Callitris glaucophylla, but is far inferior to that species in terms of decay resistance (Ilic 1995).

Observations

Remarks

Citations

[ANBG] Australian National Botanical Garden. http://www.anbg.gov.au/images/photo_cd/OE29M143033/001.html, accessed 2002.03.03.

[ANU] Australian National University Forestry Program. 1998. Callitris. http://online.anu.edu.au/Forestry/teaching/t6/callitris/callitris.html, accessed 1999, now defunct.

Bailey, F.M. 1883. A Synopsis of the Queensland Flora, Brisbane: James C. Beal. p.497. Available at Google Books, accessed 2012.11.24.

Ilic, Jugo. 1995. Distinguishing white from black cypress pine. Onwood 10. CSIRO. http://www.ffp.csiro.au/publicat/onwood/onwood10.htm#No7, accessed 2002.01.22, now defunct.

Mackenzie, B.D.E. and D.A. Keith. 2009. Adaptive management in practice: conservation of a threatened plant population. Ecological Management & Restoration 10(S1):S129-S135.

See also

Farjon (2005) provides a detailed account, with illustrations.

Last Modified 2012-11-30