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Distribution of Callitris columellaris (Bowman and Harris 1995). Basemap from Expedia Maps. You can also create a highly detailed map, and access specimen data, using the "search" function at the Australia Virtual Herbarium.


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Conservation status

Callitris columellaris

F. Mueller 1866

Common names

Coast cypress pine, Bribie Island pine (Grodecki et al. 1996), Murray River pine, Murray pine, northern cypress pine, western sand cypress, western cypress, white cypress pine, white pine (Farjon 2005), coastal cypress, sand cypress, slender native cypress pine, western cypress pine (IBIS).

Taxonomic notes

Syn: C. arenosa. C. intratropica is sometimes regarded as a variety of this species.


Tree: Height to 10+ m, with spreading or erect branches. Leaves: Usually green, rarely glaucous, 1-3 mm long, dorsal surface not keeled. Cones: Solitary on slender fruiting branchlets, falling soon after maturity, ovoid to depressed-globose, to 20 mm in diameter. Cone scales: Thin, dorsal point absent or small and present below the apex, the alternate scales shorter and narrower, the larger scales angled, often sharply so, all separating almost to the base of the cone and often spaced widely at maturity; columella variable, often thick and angled, mostly 5-7 mm long (Harden 1990).

Distribution and Ecology

Australia: New South Wales and Queensland. "Grows on coastal sandy soils; north from Angourie" (Harden 1990); or, near the coast from Richmond River to Hervey Bay (Grodecki et al. 1996).

Zone 10 (cold hardiness limit between -1°C and +4.4°C) (Bannister and Neuner 2001).

Big tree

A tree in habitat at Coominga, Queensland was measured in 2012 as 73 cm dbh and 18.0 m tall, and 40 years old. An ornamental at the Melbourne Botanic Garden, Victoria, was measured in 2009 as 117 cm dbh and 21.5 m tall (National Register of Big Trees 2012).





In South Australia it is prevalent in the scenic Flinders Ranges where it is sometimes the dominant tree on rocky slopes and rises (Holliday and Hill 1974).



Grodecki, Andy, Sylvia Willie and Matt Deshon. 1996. Queensland tree selector. Online database; these data cited at, accessed 2002.01.22, now defunct.

Holliday, I. and R. Hill. 1974. A Field Guide to Australian Trees. Australia: Rigby.

IBIS (Integrated Botanical Information System). [no date]. Australian plant common name database., accessed 2012.11.23.

Mueller, F.J.H. von. 1866. Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 5:198. Available at Google Books, accessed 2012.11.23.

National Register of Big Trees. 2012. Tree Register: National Registry of Big Trees., accessed 2012.06.23.

See also

Farjon (2005) provides a detailed account, with illustrations.

Last Modified 2012-11-25